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Operasi Awal Penjara Pudu (1895-1910)

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1895-1905: Operasi Peringkat Awal

Pada tahun-tahun awal operasinya, Penjara Pudu adalah satu-satunya penjara di Selangor, memenjarakan lelaki dan wanita dalam tempoh hukuman yang tidak lama. Ia dilengkapi kebun yang dapat menampung keperluan makanan penghuninya: “Early in its history, Pudu Prison was the only prison in the state of Selangor and used to imprison men and women with short sentences. The prison was also self-sufficient as it had a vegetable garden that could produce enough food for its inmates annually.” (Wikipedia: Pudu Prison).

Ia juga turut digunakan sebagai pusat operasi tentera British, termasuk tempat menjalankan hukuman bunuh ke atas pemberontak, sama ada oleh pasukan penembak atau digantung. Mayatnya ditanam di kawasan penjara, bagi mengelak diketahui umum: “During its early years, Pudu Jail was used by the British as an army command centre. Those who fought against the British were executed, either by a firing squad or by hanging, and buried on prison grounds to prevent news about the executions from going beyond Pudu Prison walls.” (Mariana Isa @ University of Bath, 2006: |"Pudu Jail Conservation Statement", m.s. 11).

Suasana Sekitar Penjara Pudu

Antara gambaran keadaan sekitar Penjara Pudu pada awal operasinya:-


Kiri: Lebuh Pudu, penghujung Jalan Pudu, KL (1890-an): “1890s Lebuh Pudu. Supreme Court on the hill is now replaced by Maybank Tower.” (ܢܓܪ ܛܘܪܐ @ Pinterest: "1890s Lebuh Pudu").
Kanan: Hospital Tung Shin (awal kurun ke-20), di sebelah barat laut Penjara Pudu: “Tung Shin Hospital in the early 20th century along Jalan Pudu.” (Alan Teh Leam Seng @ New Straits Times, May 15, 2022: |"A glimpse into Pudu's past").

Cebisan Peristiwa

  • 19/02/1896: Disambar Petir: “On Wednesday night, the administration block at the Pudoh gaol was struck by lightning. An office table was smashed (the in?being upset) and then the lightning appears to have travelled the circuit of the room. Two watchmen, sleeping beneath the office, were much shaken and unnerved, but nobody was seriously injured.” (Straits Budget, 25 February 1896, Page 6: |"SELANGOR NEWS").
  • 04/04/1896: “Sekeping Waran Hukuman Gantung ke atas Lee Choi di perkenan oleh Sultan Abdul Samad bertarikh 18 Februari 1896 dalam versi Bahasa Inggeris beserta Cap Mohornya. Hukuman Gantung sampai mati akan di laksanakan di dalam bilik hukuman di Penjara Kuala Lumpur (Pudu) pada pukul 8.30 pagi 4 April 1896.”
    Waran Hukuman Gantung di Selangor - 1896
    (Arkib Negara Malaysia @ Izmal Karim, 10/10/2023: "Rekod & Sejarah : Waran Hukuman Gantung di Selangor - 1896").
  • 06/12/1902: Perlantikan Lembaga Jaksa Pelawat / Board of Visiting Justices bagi Penjara Pudu, yang bakal memantau operasinya bagi tahun 1903 (06/12/1902: "VISITING JUSTICES - 1903, PUDOH GAOL").
  • 07/08/1903: “On Friday afternoon at abour half past three, while 240 prisoners were working in the sheds yard, outside the walls of Pudoh jail, a blinding rain squall, registering 2.5 inches in a very short time, enveloped the whole country in a sheet of mist. Armed with deadly weapons a gang of robbers suddenly dashed through the fence at the lower end of the yard where the guard was momentarily weak. A scene of great excitement resulted; most of the prisoners rushed towards the fence they had been raising and easily overpowered the preconcerned guard. Reinforcements, however, promptly checked further escapes. The Chief warder had ineffective pot-shots with a revolver at the fleeing prisoners, and, when he gave chase, tripped into a stream adjacent to the railway. A European warder faced a Chinaman armed with a parang (short sword), and, after dodging several vicious lashes, felled the prisoner to earth insensible. After the rain had stopped, before nightfall, five of the runaways, devoid of cloting, were recaptured at distances ranging from one to two miles from “home”, but twelve desperadoes undergoing long terms are still at large.” (Straits Echo, 11 August 1903, Page 3: |"PRISONERS ESCAPE FROM KUALA LUMPUR GAOL").
  • 28/02/1905: J.Russell, Superintendent Jabatan Percetakan, bersetuju kegiatan penjilidan buku di Penjara Taiping diambil alih oleh Penjara Pudu, jika diurus sepenuhnya oleh Ketua Pegawai Penjara (28/02/1905: |"BOOK BINDING INDUSTRY, PUDOH GAOL").
  • 12/10/1910: Ular sawa di berek sub-warder ditembak mati: “At about 1.10 on the morning of the 12th instant a Bengalee, while passing along the Pudoh Road from Kuala Lumpur, saw a Python coming out from the side of the Sub-Warders' Barracks of the Pudoh Gaol. As the spot was under the rays of the electric light he was able to see the reptile clearly moving with its hooded wings seeing the electric light with joy. Then the Bengalee came to the Sub-Warders' Barracks and awoke them saying that there was a big snake, who on hearing this went with big sticks of wood and saw the creature in its full shape. Fearing the creature might injure them if they were to attempt to beat with sticks, they sent for the Acting Chief Warder Mr. A.E. Gough, who in response to their call went with a gun and shot it with a No 3 bullet on its head which gave an instantaneous way for the creature to go for its rest. The Python measured 12 feet 2 inches and Mr. John Galloway has got its skin preserved.” (Pinang gazette and Straits chronicle, 26 October 1910, Page 3: |"An Amusing Report").
  • 28/12/1911: Pada 19 Disember 1911, Pengerusi Lembaga Jaksa Pelawat / Board of Visiting Justices yang melawat Penjara Pudu telah menyatakan rasa tidak puas hati terhadap layanan banduan Eropah di sana, yang ada ketikanya dilayan sebagaimana banduan lain. Seminggu kemudian, setiausaha residen memberi kenyataan maaf, namun bertegas bahawa semua banduan sepatutnya menerima layanan yang sama: “I am directed to acknowledge your letter of the 19th December on the subject of an European prisoner in Kuala Lumpur prison. 2. The prisoner referred to has a cell apart from the other prisoners bathes has his meals separately and is marched off for work by himself. 3. He is employed in the stone breaking yard but not as one of the regular gang. 4. The occasion on which he was paraded with the other prisoners was a mistake on the part of a warder and will not be repeated. 5. I am to ask that in the opinion of the Resident a European in this position has already done his worst for the prestige of the race and cannot be held as deserving of special consideration. 6. It is moreover the pride of the British justice that all men are equal in the sight of the law. … - Ag: Secretary to Resident, Selangor.” (28/12/1911: |"EUROPEAN PRISONER, PUDU GAOL").
  • 23/03/1915: “The Malay Mail reports that the Selangor police offer a reward of $500 in connection with information concerning four Chinese who recently escaped from the gaol at Pudoh, Kuala Lumpur, and who are still at large. Seven men broke out after assaulting the Bengali guard at the gate. He was attacked from behind and quickly overpowered. Two men hung on his rifle behind him, rendering him powerless to give an alarm by firing a shot. The others meanwhile opened the gate, and then, throwing the Bengali down, they all escaped. Once released the alarm was given and the pursuit of the men resulted in three being captured; four are still at large.” (Malaya Tribune., 23 March 1915, Page 7: |"OUTBREAK IN SELANGOR GAOL").

Cebisan Hal Ehwal Kakitangan Penjara

John Galloway: Gaoler / Ketua Pegawai Penjara KL 1891-1913

Perihal John Galloway

“John Galloway (d.1935) was the Chief Jailer at Kuala Lumpur Prisons. He dedicated 22 years of his life to the department before he went on pension on 31 May 1913, retiring to Cheltenham, England. For his meritorious service and excellent record, he was awarded the Imperial Service Order by the British government.” (Mariana Isa, Maganjeet Kaur, 2015: "Kuala Lumpur Street Names: A Guide to Their Meanings and Histories", m.s. 104).

  • 26/04/1912: Hasil buruan di Circular Road (kini Jalan Tun Razak), Kuala Lumpur, ialah seekor “American blue-wing teal”. Beliau mendermakannya kepada Muzium KL: “Mr. John Galloway, gaoler at Pudu, while out shooting the other evening on the Circular Road, Kuala Lumpur, bagged an American blue-wing teal. The bird is very rare and Mr. Galloway has presented it to the local museum.” (The Straits Times, 26 April 1912, Page 6: |"Untitled").
  • 03/1913: Bersara dari perkhidmatan, setelah 22 tahun sebagai Ketua Pegawai / Gaoler Penjara Pudu: “Mr. R. Foster, gaoler at Batu Gajah, has been appointed to succeed Mr. J. Galloway as gaoler of Pudoh gaol, Kuala Lumpur, when the latter, after over 22 years' service, retires on pension early next month.” (Pinang gazette and Straits chronicle, 14 February 1913, Page 6: |"SOCIAL AND PERSONAL").
  • 06/1913: Berpindah ke Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England. Dia sering menderma khazanah keluarganya kepada muzium dan perpustakaan tempatan: “John Galloway from Cheltenham donated many items to Kirkcaldy Museum in 1926 in memory of his father Patrick James Galloway who was a Sheriff Clerk for Kirkcaldy. The object donated contained natural history specimens and world culture artefacts. He donated 40 Japanese and Chinese artefacts to the collection including Japanese prints, a Japanese sword and Chinese jade bracelets and ivory artefacts.” (National Museums Scotland: |"East Asia in Tayside, Central and Fife"). “Mr. John Galloway, who was an official in Kuala Lumpur for some twenty years, has presented to the local Museum a collection of curios from the F.M.S. in memory of his brother, the late Mr. Patrick James Galloway, and has also presented some fifty volumes of Malayan and Far Eastern interest to the Kirkcaldy Library. Every year, too, he presents bound volumes of magazines devoted to Malayan matters to the Library. The Museum Collection contains a piece of Chinese needlework which was part of the police court exhibits in a Secret Society Case at Kuala Lumpur. It was given to Mr. Galloway by the Superintendent of Prisons, through the courtesy of the British Resident. When Mr. Galloway was in Malaya, he took a great interest in the Kuala Lumpur Museum, and presented to it seven birds, rare to Malaya, which he shot himself. One of these is an English snipe. He is living at 217, Gloucester Road, Cheltenham, Gloucester, but spends a long annual holiday in his native town of Kirkcaldy.” (Malaya Tribune, 19 August 1932, Page 8: |"A SCOTTISH MALAYAN").
  • 07/1935: Meninggal dunia di Cheltenham: “The death occured in a nursing home, in Cheltenham, last month of Mr. John Galloway, brother of the late Patrick J. Galloway, J.P., Sheriff-Clerk Depute, Kirkcaldy. The late Mr. John Galloway was formerly Gaoler, Kuala Lumpur Prisons. He retired in June 1913 and settled in Cheltenham, Glos. Galloway Road, off Pudu Road, is named after him.” (The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, 23 August 1935, Page 3: |"Untitled").

Peninggalan John Galloway

Jalan Galloway, Kuala Lumpur:-

  • “Jalan Galloway is a minor road off Jalan Pudu in Kuala Lumpur. It is a no-through road within the Bukit Bintang neighbourhood. At its junction to Jalan Pudu is Swiss-Garden Hotel to the west side and the Kuala Lumpur Police Contingent Headquarters to the east side. Other buildings along Jalan Galloway include Swiss Garden Residences, Sri Emas Condominium, City Park Apartment and Casa Residency.” (Timothy Tye, July 2018: |"Jalan Galloway, Kuala Lumpur").
  • “This road was originally occupied by government residential quarters, but today these are no longer in sight. Given its close proximity to the old Pudu Jail, there is a tendency for the name to be interpreted as “the way to the gallows”.” (Mariana Isa, Maganjeet Kaur, 2015: "Kuala Lumpur Street Names: A Guide to Their Meanings and Histories", m.s. 104).

Kakitangan Lain

  • 31/01/1898: Permohonan State Surgeon Selangor agar bekalan air percuma diberikan kepada para dresser yang bertugas dan tinggal di Penjara Pudu: “INFORMATION TO CHAIRMAN SANITARY BOARD, KUALA LUMPUR PERTAINING THE CASE REPORTED BY THE MEDICAL STAFF, WHICH THERE IS NO NEED TO PAY FOR THE FACILITY CHARGE DUE TO NO PIPE WAS LAID ON THEIR HOUSE.” (SETIAUSAHA KERAJAAN NEGERI SELANGOR, 31/01/1898: |"DRESSERS AT PUDU GAOL. REQUESTS THAT THEY BE EXEMPTED FROM PAYMENT OF WATER RATE").
  • 04/11/1902: A.E. Gough - dilantik Warder Eropah “INFORMATION PREPARED BY THE ACTING BRITISH RESIDENT REGARDING AN APPOINTMENT OF MR. A.E GOUGH WHO SERVES AS A EUROPEAN WARDER AT PUDOH GAOL WITH AN AUTHORIZED SALARY COST OF $110 WITHIN SIX MONTHS PROBATION AND TRANSMITTED COPIES OF MR A.E GOUGH'S EXPERIENCES.” (04/11/1902: "APPLICATION OF MR. A.E. GOUGH AS EUROPEAN WARDER - PUDOH GAOL").
  • 19/12/1902: “REPORT PREPARED BY THE INSPECTOR OF PRISONS ON HIS INSPECTION VISIT TO THE KUALA LUMPUR JAIL AND HIS VIEWS ON SEVERAL MATTERS SUCH AS THE POWERS OF THE SUPERINTENDENT, SOLITARY CONFINEMENT, PRISONERS' PERSONAL EFFECTS, DISCIPLINE AND THE DELAY IN SALARY FOR THE EUROPEAN WARDERS.” (19/12/1902: "INSPECTION OF PUDOH GAOL ON 7TH DECEMBER 1902 - REPORT ON :-").
  • 03/01/1903: “The following notifications have been gazetted in Selangor:- Mr E. A. Gregory to be European warder, Pudoh Goal. Me. A.E. Gough to be European warder, Pudoh Goal.” (The Straits Times, 3 January 1903, Page 4: |penjara_pudu_awal).
  • 18/02/1907: Warder Penjara Seremban Dipenjarakan: “Warder Vaughan of Seremban sentenced this morning to one month simple imprisonment undesirable he should be imprisoned here resident will be obliged if you will consent to this admittance to pudu gaol where a.s.p. reports accomodation available he leaves by one o'clock train today and a.s.p. Kuala Lumpor has been informed.” (PEJABAT SETIAUSAHA KERAJAAN NEGERI SELANGOR, 18/02/1907: |"TELEGRAM - WARDER VAUGHAN SENTENCED TO ONE MONTHS IMPRISONMENT - ASKS THAT HE BE DETAINED IN PUDU GAOL").
  • 1911: Richard Alfred Ernest Clark - Warder Eropah: “In 1911, Richard Alfred Ernest Clark, a former soldier of the third battalion of the Middlesex Regiment, was one of the European warders at Pudu Prison.” (Wikipedia).
  • 03/1919: William Towle - Warder Penjara Pudu, dilantik menjadi Superintenden Pasukan Bomba Selangor: “RECOMMENDATION FROM THE CHAIRMAN SANITARY BOARD KUALA LUMPUR FOR MR. WILLIAM TOWLE, A PUDU JAIL WARDER TO BE APPOINTED AS THE SUPERINTENDENT OF SELANGOR FIRE BRIGADE WHICH WAS APPROVED BY THE HIGH COMMISSIONER IN MARCH 1919.” (PEJABAT SETIAUSAHA KERAJAAN NEGERI SELANGOR, 24/01/1919: |"MR. WILLIAM TOWLE, WARDER, PUDU JAIL, TO BE APPOINTED SUPERINTENDENT OF SELANGOR FIRE BRIGADE").

Cebisan Hal Ehwal Banduan

  • 06/02/1897: Chua Tua Taw - membunuh diri dengan terjun dari tingkat dua block D: “The condemned prisoner Chua Tua Taw has committed suicide by throwing himself over the 2nd landing on D. Block of the Pudoh Gaol. This took place about 10.45a.m. on Saturday. The man lingered four hours after his fall. That a condemned prisoner should have had the chance of performing this feat, does not seem quite in the right order of things.” (The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (Weekly), 16 February 1897, Page 7: | "THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1897").
  • 07/12/1898: Mawan Kamar bin Salleh - Permohonan pemindahan hak milik tanahnya kepada anaknya. Ianya tidak diluluskan atas perkiraan “adat”: “A prisoner named Mawan Kamar bin Salleh in Seremban Gaol has 2 kauq(?) of sawah and kampong at Kampong Tanjong Rembau he wants to transfer the land to his daughter Saibar bin Mawan Kamar but says names of grants were changed to Mear bin Samin of R. Tanjong when (he) M. Kamar went to Pahang in 1894.” (PEJABAT SETIAUSAHA KERAJAAN NEGERI SELANGOR, 07/12/1898: |"SUBMITS CORRESPONDENCE WITH REGARD TO A TRANSFER OF SOME LAND BY A PRISONER IN PUDU GAOL").
  • 09/01/1899: Orang Melayu Pertama Dihukum Gantung: “A Malay and a Javanese, who each had murdered a woman, were both hanged at Pudoh jail on Monday. This is said to be the first time a Malay has ever been hanged in Kuala Lumpur.” (Straits Budget, 12 January 1899, Page 5: |"SELANGOR NEWS").
  • 07/02/1902: “NOTIFICATION FROM STATE SURGEON REGARDING THE ADMITTANCE OF ELEVEN TRAMPS TO PUDU GAOL WITH THE APPROVAL AND SUGGESTION OF BRITISH RESIDENT ON ANY OBJECTION SHOULD BE VOICED OUT IN ORDER TO AVOID THE UNNECESSARY FEELING.” (PEJABAT SETIAUSAHA KERAJAAN NEGERI SELANGOR, 07/02/1902: "REPORTS ADMISSION OF ELEVEN VAGRANTS TO PUDU GAOL").
  • 07/08/1903: “Yesterday during heavy rain, fifteen prisoners escaped from Pudoh gaol. It is reported that some have been recaptured.” (Straits Echo, 8 August 1903, Page 2: |"BREAKING GAOL").
  • 17/02/1908: Tai Kee Fuk - petisyen agar tidak dibuang negeri. Petisyen dilengkapi cop perniagaan rakan-rakan peniaganya yang telah mengenalinya selama 6 tahun, dan turut disokong oleh pegawai Protector of Chinese. Menurut petisyen tersebut, Tai Kee Fuk, seorang pekedai teh (juga penjual daging babi) di Serdang, telah menyewakan tingkat atas kedainya kepada beberapa orang, yang kebetulan adalah ahli kongsi gelap. Pada 2-3 Ogos 1907 kedai beliau telah digeledah oleh pihak berkuasa dan sebuah buku yang telah diharamkan ditemui di dalam premis. Beliau terus didakwa di mahkamah dan gagal membela diri oleh kerana terlalu takut, lalu ditahan di Penjara Pudu. Setelah tempohnya kian tamat, keluarganya (termasuk isteri dan anak kecil) mendapat tahu bahawa beliau bakal dibuang negeri.Rekod hukuman tidak ditemui, tidak pasti apakah kesudahannya (PEJABAT SETIAUSAHA KERAJAAN NEGERI SELANGOR, 17/02/1908: |"PETITION ASKING THAT TAI KEE FUK, NOW IN THE PUDU GOAL, BE NOT BANISHED FROM SELANGOR").
  • June 1911: Ethel Proudlock

    “This incident caused a sensation in Malaya, more so than any other as this involved the killing of one member of the British community by another. The case was even reported in the newspapers in England where, presumably, Mr Bennett Shaw would have been aghast to read of the dreadful goings-on at his own bungalow! There was a ten-day trial in June, 1911, which attracted intense public attention and was reported in great detail in the local papers. William Proudlock himself had to testify at the trial as well. In court, Ethel claimed that Steward had tried to molest her and, as she backed away from him, she came on to her husband's revolver and had fired at Steward in self-defence. Nonetheless, Ethel was found guilty by the judge and sentenced to death. While awaiting her appeal, she was incarcerated in Pudu Jail for five months before various petitions to the Sultan of Selangor, including one from the V.I. boys and masters, were finally successful in securing her release. Ethel then sailed off almost immediately to England with Dorothy. William Proudlock stayed behind in Kuala Lumpur as he was awaiting the results of a libel charge he had filed arising from police treatment of his wife. He lost this suit and resigned his job at the V.I. (Mr Shaw had since returned). He sailed off to England in November, 1911, to rejoin his family. In seven months, the world of the V.I. acting Headmaster had withered to nothing.” (Chung Chee Min, 28 August 2001: |"The Proudlock Saga").
    Classic screen actress Bette Davis in a scene from the 1940 film-noir set in Malaya, 'The Letter'
    “Classic screen actress Bette Davis in a scene from the 1940 film-noir set in Malaya, 'The Letter'. The film is based on the play and short story written by W. Somerset Maugham, who in turn based it on the real life murder trial of Ethel Proudlock in Kuala Lumpur in 1911. Ethel Proudlock was the wife of the acting headmaster of the Victoria Institution, William Proudlock. Ethel shot dead her lover, William Steward, a mine manager, and in the trial was found guilty and sentenced to hang, to much controversy. The infamous case caused a worldwide sensation, scandalising British colonial society and prompting accusations of racism from the local community when it emerged that Ethel was in fact not white but Eurasian. After spending about five months in Pudu Jail awaiting her appeal, she was subsequently pardoned by Sultan Sulaiman of Selangor and left the Federated Malay States for England and, later, America.” (Sabri Zain's Malayan History Society @ Facebook, 28 Disember 2023: |"Classic screen actress Bette Davis in a scene from the 1940 film-noir set in Malaya, 'The Letter'").

Cebisan Hal Ehwal Pembekal

  • 25/06/1903: “NOTIFICATION BY ACTING STATE ENGINEER TO THE SECRETARY TO RESIDENT PERTAINING TO THE DETAILS FOR INVITING TENDERS FOR THE EXPANSION OF OFFICERS' BUILDING AND REQUESTS IT TO BE INSERTED IN THE GOVERNMENT DOCUMENT AND PRINT IT FOR DISTRIBUTION PURPOSES AMONG THE CONTRACTORS.” (25/06/1903: "BARRACKS FOR SUB-WARDERS, PUDOH GAOL - TENDERS INVITED FOR :-").

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penjara_pudu_awal.txt · Last modified: 2024/01/27 16:55 by sazli